Die Entdeckung des Geistes: Studien zur Entstehung des europaischen Denkens bei den Griechen Prime – Memovende.co

The Present Translation Is Based On The Second Edition Of Die Entdeckung Des Geistes Claassen Und Goverts, Hamburg,, With The Addition Of The Essay Which Here Appears As ChHuman Knowledge And Divine Knowledge In This Immensely Erudite Book, German Classicist Bruno Snell Traces The Establishment Of A Rational View Of The Nature Of Man As Evidenced In The Literature Of The Greeks In The Creations Of Epic And Lyric Poetry, And In The Drama Here Are The Crucial Stages In The Intellectual Evolution Of The Greek World The Homeric World View, The Rise Of The Individual In The Early Greek Lyric, Myth And Reality In Greek Tragedy, Greek Ethics, The Origin Of Scientific Thought, And Arcadia

10 thoughts on “Die Entdeckung des Geistes: Studien zur Entstehung des europaischen Denkens bei den Griechen

  1. says:

    For a very long time, I ve told myself that I just wasn t all that interested in Greek and Roman history It s overrated, I would tell myself It got glorified by a bunch of snobby Renaissance poets way beyond its actual historical value It s boring Being a medievalist will do things like this to you.More and , I m realizing that this attitude probably set itself up predominately on the grounds of self preservation I study medieval and early modern history, which already takes up a solid swath of 1400 odd years If I was interested in ancient history too, well, man, then I d have to read about everything.Because, in all honesty, the Greeks are an interesting bunch I do still think that some classicists will try to convince you that they were important than they actually were, or that they were unique than they actually were on that later , but that doesn t negate the fact that the Greeks were important, and the Greeks were cool They were also kind of lovely, if you take a look at their poetry based on their verses, Greek poets often appear as if they lived in a world that seemed to shimmer Bruno Snell s The Discovery of the Mind has stolen a coveted spot on my Goodreads favorites shelf, and I ll recommend it wholeheartedly to the philology nerds of the world Others may want to tread a bit carefully, as I d imagine it s a rather rough and dense read if you think philology is boring you would be wrong, but to each his own Snell s work covers the period from Homer to Virgil, but narrows in specifically on the centuries between Homer and Socrates, and perhaps right after He argues, based predominantly on linguistic evidence, that the fifth century marked the discovery of the mind the moment in which people began to develop and self consciousness and independence concerning their own intellectual capabilities Homer s heroes are described as an aggregate of limbs, they have three intellectual organs instead of a clearly conceptualized soul, and all they key moments of decision are spurred by exterior agents, particularly the gods In the lyric poems of Sappho or Archilochus, agency remains out of reach, but we start to seem deeply personal reactions to situations The mind fully emerges, though, in the Greek tragedies, particularly those of Euripides, who hinged his dramas on moments not of battle or divine intervention, but on singular moments of personal interior choice He then moves along to look at how this development, in conjunction with the Greek language, gave rise to Greek ethics, logic, and natural science My favorites were the chapters on logic and natural science, which are impossible to do justice to in a summary in essence, though, Snell argues that Greek logic grew out of the grammar of Homeric similes, and that Greeks founded our conception of natural science essentially because they possessed a definite article that allowed them to make substantive nouns out of abstract concepts This part absolutely blew my mind I know almost nothing about philology, and whenever I come across it I treat it essentially as if it s magic I kind of love it, and think it s all powerful, but I m also a bit wary I m not sure that all of Snell s arguments really hold up particularly problematic is trying to figure out the exact relationship between a culture s language and its and mental attitudes It seems at least plausible, for example, that other cultures had a developed conception of the human soul and intellect, but literary convention hadn t yet caught up I m also not convinced that the Greeks were quite as singular as Snell seems to argue Snell wrote this work in Germany in 1946, and I think he sees the Greeks as potential cultural saviors for his country, an attitude that perhaps doesn t hold up quite as well today But regardless, this is a wonderful and fascinating book I guess I have to read about Greeks now.

  2. says:

    This is one of the few books I ve read that can truly be described as mind and life altering, without an ounce of hyperbole Mr Snell or maybe Doctor Snell sets himself the nigh on impossible task of parsing Greek philosophy and literature to include plays and poetry to try to delineate moments in which human thought or at least Western thought evolved, on concepts ranging from the soul to the idea of a metaphor I say the task is nigh on impossible hedging my bet, if only because Snell succeeds where pretty much everyone else would have failed Most would be sensible enough not even to try.The author s command of language both German and Greek as well as the breadth of his knowledge on everything from Attic history to German romanticism and aesthetics is really awe inspiring That he can communicate his knowledge and his complex ideas in a relatively straightforward manner makes the book nothing short of remarkable It s hard to select standout chapters, since the work is uniformly good But if held at the point of a spear and forced to choose, From Myth to Logic and the final chapter, The Discovery of a Spiritual Landscape, were the most illuminating.The value and purpose of our inheritance from the Greeks and their literary and cultural artifacts is sometimes in debate, with younger artists and thinkers occasionally feeling they need to cast aside all that has come before in order to start anew, but most of those who swear off this dead culture usually make a return to it at some later point in their intellectual development I include myself in this number, and as a young man I frankly grew weary of many myths told second hand in every realm from psychology to science fiction to high school courses Bruno Snell s book has rekindled the fire for me, and this one is definitely going into the reread pile It s the kind of book you can finish in a week, and then meditate on for decades Highest recommendation.

  3. says:

    It is a startling moment when one realizes that consciousness as we understand it, is fluid and changing over human developmental time By readings in Julian Jaynes, and other authors who speak towards the evolution of consciousness one begins to glimpse this strange terrain, which we, ourselves, recursed upon in our own developmental arcs during our childhood but also throughout our lives in cycles that, themselves, re iterate histories otherwise unimaginable.Snell is useful in sketching some of the anchors and pivots that connect the Greeks to aspects of our own modern consciousness and by so doing reveal amazing features of perspective and thought that while they may predate our own, are uncannily rich, intelligent and deep.I am particularly fond of the way that, in an early part of the book, Snell highlights a variety of Greek words for seeing or gazing, emphasizing their active, penetrative nature rather than the passive receptivity we too easily associate with this sense And goes on to demonstrate how they quickly collapse into a smaller and smaller set of terms whose meanings homogenize.

  4. says:

    Snell argues that the literary and philosophical writings of the early Greeks peeled open the mind within men bit by bit In the Homeric epics and tales of Hesiod, the thoughts of the various heroes arise as speech of the Olympic gods and goddesses within the heroes minds The poet is the instrument through which the immortals speak inside men s heads Gradually, over the course of the 5th century BCE as revealed in the lyrics of Pindar, Sappho, and other poets the traditional portrayal of heroes in Aeschylus s plays the jettisoning of mythical explanations about the cosmos by the presocratic philosophers the emergence of individuals with free will in the plays of Euripides and culminating with Socrates insisting on each man s responsibility for the values they act on, and Aristophanes s comedic rage against Socrates and the diminishment of the gods in the plays of Euripides the rational mind exploring the physical cosmos emerges as the alternative to mythic conceptions of the world Aiding in this development is the Greek language which evolves into a tool for expressing concrete thoughts and logical thinking By the beginning of the 4th century BCE, producing plays for the stage that retold the old myths had been largely abandoned for the playful and profound dialogues of Plato with their emphasis on our reason having the ability to figure out how the world works This ultimately influenced the European emphasis on science and logic which we in the West inherited This is a wonderful book filled with interesting insights drawn from Greek poetry, plays, and philosophy Readers already familiar with some of ancient Greek literature will profit greatly from this book.

  5. says:

    Sulla scia dell entusiasmo da precedenti letture sull argomento, e nonostante i limiti della mia cultura tecnica, iniziai con tanto entusiasmo questo libro Entusiasmo che si aren davanti alle tante frasi in greco senza traduzione e spiegazione Non per profani.

  6. says:

    Excellent read

  7. says:

    This is one of the first books, along with From Religion to Philosophy A Study in the Origins of Western Speculation, that drew me into philosophy as an undergraduate His chapter on Homer and the emerging Greek concept of the self is superb and helped me to understand just how profound a change occurred with the emergence of early Greek philosophy.